The UK DNA Companion Animal Archive in the Faculty of Veterinary Science contains DNA samples - taken with owners' consent - from cats, dogs and horses with a range of specific diseases. The samples will be used by researchers to investigate genetic and environmental factors that pre-dispose animals to certain diseases.
The archive represents a major step forward in veterinary research and both clinical data and DNA samples will be available to researchers in the veterinary field. They will be able to use the genetic material to identify the causes of complex genetic diseases of companion animals in an attempt to eradicate certain diseases and develop new treatments.
The animal DNA will also aid research into human genetic studies, as many genes are common to other mammalian species and humans.
The archive will enable researchers to determine both the environmental factors and the genes which interact together to cause diseases, such as renal disease in cats and sarcoid in horses. This will enable vets to improve animal welfare by advising pet owners of the environmental factors their pet should avoid in order to reduce the risk of developing a particular illness.
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